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Civil Society Manifesto for Effective Development Cooperation
In 2016, five years since Busan2, the Second High-Level Meeting (HLM2) of the Global Partner-ship for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC) produced the Nairobi Outcome Document (NOD). This document sought to fulfil, uphold, and monitor commitments and principles3 on aid and development effectiveness (ADE). Through the NOD, the GPEDC further committed to reverse the trend of shrinking civic space and to provide enabling environment for civil society, to ensure accountability of all development actors, to uphold human rights and promote gender equality and women's empowerment, and to strengthen the role of GPEDC as an inclusive, multi-stakeholder platform with mutual accountability relations.
Despite this reinvigorated effort for effective development cooperation (EDC), challenges continue to hinder the fulfilment of EDC commitments. Since 2011, progress has been minimal and unremarkable and different development actors backtracked from their EDC commitments. Providing an enabling environment for civil society, untying aid, and using country systems as first option, among others, have been slow. In some cases, there was regression. The attention toward the realisation of the "unfinished business" from Paris, Accra, and Busan4 has been long overdue. Civil society organisations (CSOs), acknowledged as equal and important partners in development, experience diminishing public spaces and funding support. Donors and partners are abandoning human rights, gender equality and democratic ownership as their priority areas.